In the four decades since adopting its open-door policy in 1978, China has undergone a historically unprecedented process of economic and social modernisation. In many dimensions, it has become a “Moderately Prosperous Society”. According to the Communist Party of China (CPC), the country will realise its aim of becoming “a Moderately Prosperous Society” by 2020 and move on to achieve socialist modernisation by 2035.
The model of economic growth that has supported these changes so far and lifted more than 600 million people out of poverty is clearly beginning to reach its limits, and must be adapted to the challenges now emerging in a new phase of the country’s development. China is searching for concepts and feasible policies that will help to overcome regional and economic inequalities and non-simultaneities which are slowing development in individual regions across the country. This path will have to take into account the disparities between urban and rural areas and help the country pursue a resource-friendly and energy-efficient path towards further development. The fight against environmental pollution will become increasingly important. One of the major challenges will be to look beyond purely “technology-based solutions” and embrace options that couple developmental and environmental issues with social justice and encourage citizens to actively participate in shaping their society.
With its growing economic influence, China has now reached a stage where it feels able to take on greater international responsibility. It offers its own model of development up to other states (and emerging countries in particular) as a path to a brighter future. In order to make the “Chinese dream” a reality, the country requires a peaceful political environment and a stable international order, as well as a new cooperative and sustainable security concept.
The Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung China Office Peking
Director: Professor Jan Turowski
The Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung
No. 1 Gongti Beilu, Sanlitun Diplomatic Compound 3-2-12
Phone: +86 10 8532 4675
Fax: +86 10 8532 4675