Publication Inequality / Social Struggles - Gender Relations - Europe - Southeastern Europe - Economic / Social Policy - International / Transnational Impact of Austerity Measures on Women in Croatia

Austerity, Gender Inequality and Feminism after the Crisis in Croatia

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Marija Ćaćić, Dora Levačić,

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When we first started to look at various data, we found that both men and women in Croatia suffered grave consequences of the recent economic crisis. Only when we turned our eye to the devastation that happened during the 1990s and in the early 2000s did it became possible to see the different effects of cuts to social services and privatisation processes on women as a group. In a way, for Croatia the impact of austerity measures, since it declared its independence, can be best described as ‘death by a thousand cuts’. The process of transformation from socialism to capitalism floundered, principally, by significantly reducing labour rights, implementing failed pension reform, privatising healthcare. These first ‘reforms’, implemented in the 1990s and later on, on the advice of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, laid the groundwork for the complete devastation of the social state built in Yugoslavia.