Publication Alternatives to Society - Socio-ecological Transformation - Africa - North Africa - Climate Justice The Struggle for Energy Democracy in the Maghreb

An introduction to the topic: «Europe’s hunger for energy»

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Published

October 2016

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The Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung is a think tank affiliated with the German Left Party. Globally just, sovereign development for all is amongst our goals; and due to our being a German organisation, related responsibilities of Germany and Europe are our focus.

The European Union and its member states claim that its international relations are guided by values and principles based on democracy and human rights. Countless projects are financed and implemented n this regard. Actual politics speak another language though. The “security interests” of the European Union demand collaboration with undemocratic rulers within societies that prohibit possibilities for free political participation. The governments of such societies are in a bind: required to function in spite of high foreign debt and the repercussions of the conditions enforced by International Financial Institutions, sovereign planning and development are made impossible. In Tunisia, for example, the annual amount for public debt servicing is currently higher than the budgets for education and health combined. The situation of big parts of North African populations is dire and those who (are forced to) migrate to other counties represent just one type of impact.

Europe’s hunger for energy is no exception in this context, and this brochure, authored by Hamza Hamouchene, serves as an introduction to this topic. Hamouchene’s text outlines the blatant disregard for the will of the people in areas of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia that are subject to the production of energy for Europe. The brochure also serves as an introduction for climate activists to these North African countries, providing an overview of the region’s popular struggles for climate justice.


Table of content

  • Foreword
  • Executive Summary

  • I Introduction

  • II Current and Potential Energy Systems/ Resources in the Maghreb
  • A OVERVIEW
    • 1 Algeria
    • 2 Tunisia
    • 3 Morocco
  • B WHO OWNS AND CONTROLS THE ENERGY SYSTEMS AND RESOURCES?
    • 1 Algeria
    • 2 Tunisia
    • 3 Morocco
  • III The Maghreb and EU Energy Policy
  • A EU EXTERNAL ENERGY POLICY: GAS GRABBING AND CONTEMPT FOR PEOPLE’S SOVEREIGNTY
    • 1 Algeria
    • 2 Tunisia
  • B RENEWABLE ENERGY: THE NEW ENERGY GRAB

  • IV What it Means to Fight for Energy Democracy in the Maghreb
  • A STRUGGLES FOR SOVEREIGNTY OVER ENERGY: THREE CASE STUDIES
    • 1 Algeria: the unemployed movement in Ouargla and the anti-fracking uprising in Ain Salah
    • Tunisia: fossil fuels, discontented fishermen, unemployed university graduates, and disgruntlement with lack of transparency
    • 3 Morocco: resistance to private energ companies and polluting industries
  • B ENERGY DEMOCRACY IN THE FRAMEWORK OF CLIMATE JUSTICE

  • V Conclusion

  • The Author