Following the Euromaidan, the outbreak of war and ensuing economic crisis, the Ukrainian government introduced wide-ranging reforms guided by the neoliberal idea that stability and economic growth can be generated by cutting social spending.
Despite the government’s proclaimed intent to support the poorest and weakest members of Ukrainian society, the opposite has occurred, and the negative effects of the new reforms have ended up targeting them most. Women in Ukraine are particularly harshly hit by these savings measures. Despite superficially pro-women legislation, women tend to have the opposite experience. Cuts to the civil service and social spending generally lead to lay-offs and thus to the firing of women, who overwhelmingly work in these sectors.
Further consequences of Ukrainian austerity policies are, among others, an ongoing devaluing of reproductive labour (care, education, etc.), the dismantling of social infrastructure and a neoliberal, profit-oriented restructuring of the education and health care systems.
The Ukrainian left is faced with the challenge of fundamentally criticizing these processes and articulating alternatives. Left-wing feminists must build a strong network of allies in order to lead the fightback.
- Façade "equality" and the structural problems of gender inequality in Ukraine
- "Anti-crises" austerity measures after 2014 and their possible impact on inequality
- War and displacement
- Feminism and the Ukrainian crisis
Krise, Krieg und Sparkurs. Die Entwertung weiblicher Arbeit und der Rückzug des Staates.
Interview mit Oksana Dutchak, Autorin der Ukraine-Studie. Sie ist stellvertretende Direktorin des Zentrums für Sozial- und Arbeitsforschung (Kiew) und Forscherin in den Bereichen Arbeitsfragen und Ungleichheit der Geschlechter (deutsche Untertitel). | English: «Crisis, War and Austerity: Devaluation of Female Labor and Retreating of the State.» Interview with Oksana Dutchak, Author of the Ukraine Study. She is the Deputy Director of the Center for Social and Labor Research (Kiev), and a researcher in the fields of labour issues and gender inequality.
This publication was financed by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and the German Federal Foreign Office. This publication or parts of it can be used by others for free as long as they provide a proper reference to the original publication. The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the official opinion of the Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung. Responsibility for the information and views expressed therein lies with the authors.
Author's biographical details
Oksana Dutchak is the Deputy Director of the Center for Social and Labor Research (Kiev), and a researcher in the fields of labour issues and gender inequality. She is a PhD student at the Department of Sociology in Ihor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute (Kiev). She received her Master’s Degree in Sociology and Social Anthropology from Central European University (Budapest). Her major research interests are: labour issues, labour protests, gender inequality, socio-economic inequality, labour-power reproduction, reproductive labour, and neoliberalism.