Julian Marchlewski


– Polish Social Democratic and Communist politician; Co-founder of the “Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania” (SDKP, from 1900 SDKPiL) in Zurich in 1893, together with Leo Jogiches, Rosa Luxemburg and Adolf Warski; co-editor of the Sozialdemokratische Korrespondenz (Social-Democratic Correspondence) with Rosa Luxemburg and Franz Mehring from 1913-1915; editor of the joined (Economic Review) in 1915; Spartacus Group in 1916; interned as a stateless person under degrading conditions at Havelberg (ultimately succumbing to the tuberculosis he caught during imprisonment); emigrated to Moscow, where he worked as president of the International Red Aid (MOPR) from 1922-1925.