II. Analyses of individual parties

1. Europe

a. Europe

The post-Communist Left in Eastern Europe with a real, left politics? - Dieter Segert
Description of the situation and analysis after 15 years of transformation >> more The Left in Central Europe: Challenges and Opportunities - Dan Hough Contribution for the International Conference of the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, October 29 – 31, 2003, Warsaw >>more

Policy Positions of Left Parties in the 1999–2004 European Parliament: Programmatic Similarities and Differences - Andrea Volkens

With the widening and deepening of the European Union (EU) on the one hand and institutional changes in favor of powers to the European Parliament (EP) on the other, policy positions of national parties are getting increasingly important on the European level of governance. National parties are the core collective actors within the party groups of the EP. The EP party groups, largely organized according to the party families present in the national party systems, rule the EP. ...